It is an Arabic instrument often featured in middle eastern music as well as Turkish music. The oud (also called ud) typically has 10-12 strings, is unfretted, and is played with a feather. I have forgotten the name and original country of this beautiful arabic guitar. Dating back to 3000 BCE, the Arabic oud is from the family of lute instruments. Lebanese composer and singer Marcel Khalife is the most renowned oud player whom contributed to the significant development of possibilities for this instrument. Very good quality, easy to tune & they sound great for nylon strings. A lute is considered to be any musical instrument that exhibits strings organized parallel to the soundboard. * Designed specifically for the Arabic Oud* Rectified clear nylon and silver-plated copper wound on nylon strings* Warm and projecting, long lasting tone* Made in the U.S.A. for the highest quality and pe [40] Another hypothetical attribution says that its inventor was Mani. Frets are the silver strips of metal that typically run horizontally up and down the entire neck of the instrument. Though termed sound holes, these decorative features have no impact on the actual sound of the oud but rather add to the instrument’s aesthetic value. It owes its popularity to its romantic, rich sound and deep timbre. The oud is thus known to be the father of the lute and the grandfather of the guitar as it is one of the world’s most ancient musical instruments. [20] While the authors of these statements about the meanings or origins of the word may have accessed linguistic sources, they were not linguists. Under the Sasanians, a short almond shaped lute from Bactria came to be called the barbat or barbud, which was developed into the later Islamic world's oud or ud. Amongst the most commonly used woods for the bowl body, are, maples, walnut, South American rosewood and African coralwood. [53], Arabian ouds are normally larger than their Turkish and Persian counterparts, producing a fuller, deeper sound, whereas the sound of the Turkish oud is more taut and shrill, not least because the Turkish oud is usually (and partly) tuned one whole step higher than the Arabian. I bought the Arabic … For example, lower quality ouds will undoubtedly never use ebony wood, and thus will be made clear with the difficulty that a musician may face while attempting to tune the pegs. [25], Musicologist Richard Dumbrill today uses the word more categorically to discuss instruments that existed millennia before the term "lute" was coined. Make Offer - Oud Lute -Made By Zeryab fretless Guitar (ADJUSTABLE PLAYING ACTION) ELECTRO ACOUSTIC OUD WITH FISHMAN MAGNETIC - DIRECT SALE FROM LUTHIER. allowing for musicians to bend and slide notes while also adding vibrato. [43] Sometime in the seventh century it was modified or "perfected" by Mansour Zalzal, and the two instruments (barbat and "ūd shabbūt") were used side by side into the 10th century, and possibly longer. Arabic oud is heavier compared to Turkish ouds given that its soundbox whose bowl is thicker. Palestinian cultural expression of nationalism was initiated through the influence of traditional Arabic music. An in-depth instruction manual for the Arabic oud, the ancestor of the lute and guitar. [27] He points to a cylinder seal as evidence; dating from c. 3100 BC or earlier (now in the possession of the British Museum); the seal depicts on one side what is thought to be a woman playing a stick "lute". [18][19] Another researcher, archaeomusicologist Richard J. Dumbrill, suggests that rud came from the Sanskrit rudrī (रुद्री, meaning "string instrument") and transferred to Arabic (a Semitic language) through a Semitic language. The oud is an ancient instrument which is one of the most popular instruments in Arabic music. Historical sources indicate that Ziryab (789–857) added a fifth string to his oud. According to Abū Ṭālib al-Mufaḍḍal (a-n-Naḥawī al-Lughawī) ibn Salma (9th century), who himself refers to Hishām ibn al-Kullā, the oud was invented by Lamech, the descendant of Adam and Cain. Arabic Music is the Oud. This is why the width must be [of] fifteen fingers as it is the half of this length. Arabic oud walnut (12) 18.5+or+make_set+2852+7.66+7.66+and+reesh+rose (471) Search. This type is relatively uncommon and mostly from Egypt. But during the Islamic era the musical box was enlarged, a fourth string was added, and the base for the tuning pegs (Bunjuk) or pegbox was added. Music is one way that Palestinian youth can especially ensure that their identity remains one of hope and productivity, not of loss and mourning. Skilled craftsmanship often coincides with these higher-grade wood types. The Arabic Oud is a close relative of the lute, sharing the same kind of half-egg-shaped body and short fingerboard. Looking to buy an Oriental music instrument in good shape and state Featured. An oud is depicted as being played by a seated musician in Qasr Amra of the Umayyad dynasty, one of the earliest depictions of the instrument as played in early Islamic history. These goods spread gradually to Provence, influencing French troubadours and trouvères and eventually reaching the rest of Europe. Authentic oud strings are still generally made like this today and commonly sold amongst their cheaper substitutes, which are made of nylon combined with metal windings. [5] The modern oud is most likely derived from the Assyrian Lute. The Engine. Sharing distinct Palestinian themes of statehood and a mounting national sentiment, the expansion of Palestinian cultural expression of nationalism was initiated through the influence of traditional Arabic music. [43], The oldest pictorial record of a short-necked lute-type vīnā around the 1st to 3rd centuries AD. [9] Kindī's description stands thus: "[and the] length [of the ‛ūd] will be: thirty-six joint fingers – with good thick fingers – and the total will amount to three ashbār. © 2020 Afterpay. [Notes 1] And its width: fifteen fingers. Guitarabia is an online community for guitarists and Arabic music lovers. [6] The oud, as a fundamental difference with the western lute, has no frets and a smaller neck. Click here for complete terms. Various types of wood have been used to create this musical instrument. Although the major entry of the short lute was in western Europe, leading to a variety of lute styles, the short lute entered Europe in the East as well; as early as the sixth century, the Bulgars brought the short-necked variety of the instrument called Komuz to the Balkans. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Arabic (NAHAT Style) Syrian Oud -Made By Zeryab fretless guitar full size oud at the best online prices at eBay! It is unfretted so the musician can play quarter tones--the notes in … Search. "[55] Arabian ouds have a scale length of between 61 cm and 62 cm in comparison to the 58.5 cm scale length for Turkish. "[33] He described the Ganhara lutes as having a "pear-shaped body tapering towards the short neck, a frontal stringholder, lateral pegs, and either four or five strings. The word oud ((/uːd/)) in Arabic literally translates to a thin piece of wood. Lots of slipping and sliding with Ouds. Unlike many of the more modern day stringed instruments, the oud’s neck is extremely short and seamless relative to the rest of its body. Turkish ouds also tend to be higher pitched and have a "brighter timbre. instant approval decision, Your purchase will be The neck, also referred to as the fretboard, ironically has no frets, which contributes to its utterly unique sound. [58][59] The C2 and F2 are actually tuned 1/4 of a tone higher than a normal c or f in the Bolahenk system. North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Levant. [43] The two instruments have been confused by modern scholars looking for examples, and some of the ouds identified may possibly be barbats. Khalife composed and sang Mahmoud Darwish’s poetry on nationalism and revolution, while echoing the struggle of the Palestinian people worldwide. Arabic ouds are most commonly known for a nice, deep, round sound, with a preferred low sustain. More modern oud instruments generally consist of 11 strings grouped in 5 pairs, or courses (tuned in unison) and one remaining singular bass string. Contents include: Holding the oud, Plucking the Strings, Basic Plucking Rules in Arabic Tradition, Positions of Left Hand Fingers, Basic Notes on the oud, Advanced Left-Hand Techniques, Maqamat, and much more. It is true that there is strong importance of engaging with the Palestinian narrative either on a national or personal level when observing the broad context of resistance. payable every 2 weeks, You must be over 18, a resident of the U.S. and meet additional eligibility criteria to qualify. In the first centuries of (pre-Islamic) Arabian civilisation, the oud had four courses (one string per course — double-strings came later), tuned in successive fourths. By signing up via text, you agree to receive recurring automated marketing text messages from paliroots at the cell number used when signing up. [7] Ibn a-ṭ-Ṭaḥḥān adds two possible mythical origins: the first involves the Devil, who would have lured the "People of David" into exchanging (at least part of) their instruments with the oud. Hazem has played the oud, an ancient precursor of the guitar, for over 20 years. La Bella oud strings January 21, 2011 . Within the first ages of Arabian civilization, the oud had four single strings that ranged from lowest to highest in pitch. A lute is considered to be any musical instrument that exhibits strings organized parallel to the soundboard. Zoom U-44 4-In/4-Out Portable Audio Interface Best Buy $189.95. High-quality ouds will most commonly use ebony for both their tuning pegs and fingerboard and the top will typically be made of two pieces of spruce solidly fixed together. The highly influential organologist Curt Sachs distinguished between the "long-necked lute" and the short-necked variety. The oud’s pear-shaped body on the other hand consists of between 1-3 oval or circular sounds holes that often remain decorated with ornamental borders. And the neck must be one third of the length [of the speaking strings] and it is: ten fingers. [10], In Pre-Islamic Arabia and Mesopotamia, the oud had only three strings, with a small musical box and a long neck without any tuning pegs. The oud is very similar to modern lutes, and also to Western lutes. Newer Post, Please note, comments must be approved before they are published. You could say it is the grandfather of the guitar, with the lute developing from the oud and then finally the guitar from the lute. Free shipping. Names for the instrument in different languages include Arabic: عود‎ ʿūd or ʿoud (Arabic pronunciation: [ʕu(ː)d, ʢuːd], plural: أعواد aʿwād), Armenian: ուդ, Syriac: ܥܘܕ ūd, Greek: ούτι oúti, Hebrew: עוּד‎ ud, Persian: بربط‎ barbat (although the barbat is a different lute instrument), Turkish: ud or ut,[23] Azeri: ud, and Somali: cuud or kaban. Fresco from the tomb of Nebamun, a nobleman in the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt (c. 1350 BC). Settings. Dating back to 3000 BCE, the Arabic oud is from the family of lute instruments. Revival movements of historical music have been making a comeback, and we hope that this blog will inspire you to keep the strong traditions of your Palestinian roots flowing! LaBella Arabic Oud Strings April 3, 2011. The military band was later used by other Turkic state's armies and later by Europeans. The modern Persian Barbat resembles the oud, although differences include a smaller body, longer neck, a slightly raised fingerboard, and a sound that is distinct from that of the oud. The oud’s pear-shaped body on the other hand consists of between 1-3 oval or circular sounds holes that often remain decorated with ornamental borders. As previously stated, Arabic instrumental music is very often performed on an oud. Free shipping for many products! Marcel Khalife had a strong sentiment for the Palestinian struggle and regularly collaborated with national Palestinian poet, Mahmoud Darwish. Well-known for his technique and musical spirit in his home city of Jeddah, Hazem brings the Arab world’s rich musical tradition to Vancouver’s music lovers. An early description of the "modern" oud was given by 11th-century musician, singer and author Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham : أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم (c. 965 – c. 1040) in his compendium on music Ḥāwī al-Funūn wa Salwat al-Maḥzūn. Amongst the most commonly used woods for the bowl body, are, maples, walnut, South American rosewood and African coralwood. For example, lower quality ouds will undoubtedly never use ebony wood, and thus will be made clear with the difficulty that a musician may face while attempting to tune the pegs. [35] Among them was Abu l-Hasan ‘Ali Ibn Nafi‘ (789–857),[36][37] a prominent musician who had trained under Ishaq al-Mawsili (d. 850) in Baghdad and was exiled to Andalusia before 833 AD. Established in 1982, with more than 3700 employees, 900 branches and more than 400 unique Oriental and Western luxurious fragrances, Arabian Oud is the largest fragrance manufacturer and retailer around the world specializing in incense, oriental perfumes and oil perfumes. Lebanese composer and singer Marcel Khalife is the most renowned oud player whom contributed to the significant development of possibilities for this instrument. Similarly Palestinian music began to reflect the Palestinian experience more and more. Iran, 11th or 12th century a.d. Earthenware statue of a musician playing a short-necked, lute-style instrument. Frets are the silver strips of metal that typically run horizontally up and down the entire neck of the instrument. During the 8th and 9th centuries, many musicians and artists from across the Islamic world flocked to Iberia. Arabic oud. [7] The oldest surviving oud is thought to be in Brussels, at the Museum of Musical Instruments.[8]. The Arabic Oud Library was created in close collaboration with the renowned musician and Oud virtuoso Bassam Ayoub. [46], The Turkic peoples had a similar instrument called the kopuz. [67][68][69][70], The oud plectrum, called a risha in Arabic, a mızrap in Turkish and a zakhme in Persian. [17] A western scholar of Islamic musical subjects, Eckhard Neubauer, suggested that oud may be an Arabic borrowing from the Persian word rōd or rūd, which meant string. Create New Account. Due to the relevance of the subject matter and the necessity to maintain tradition and culture, PaliRoots aims to inspire Palestinian youth around the world to love their Palestinian heritage – not because it has been taken from them; but rather their Palestinian heritage is a source of joy and positivity. Though termed sound holes, these decorative features have no impact on the actual sound of the oud but rather add to the instrument’s aesthetic value. In the Arab countries, we see that the oud was first seen in Egypt, and later used in Syria and Iraq. Originating from Arabic culture, there is also a growing tendency to add inlay work to the oud that sometimes causes the weight of the instrument to exceed 800 grams. [47] This instrument was thought to have magical powers and was brought to wars and used in military bands. Learn Oud 1 is a condensed 25-lesson Oud fundamentals course for absolute beginners on given by a well known composer and teacher, Tareq Al Jundi using one of the recognized Oud curricula in Arabic Music Institutes . [26] Dumbrill documented more than 3000 years of iconographic evidence for the lutes in Mesopotamia, in his book The Archaeomusicology of the Ancient Near East. I learned more in a few hours of one-on-one lessons with Navid than I learned during literally weeks to months from other teachers. Not Now. [45] The ancestor of the oud, the barbat was in use in pre-Islamic Persia. Contact Arabic oud on Messenger. Similar instruments have been used in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia for thousands of years, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, North Africa, the Caucasus, the Levant, and Balkanic countries like Greece, Albania and Bulgaria; there may even be prehistoric antecedents of the lute. View Terms & Privacy. "[33] The short-necked lutes in these Gandhara artworks were "the venerable ancestor of the Islamic, the Sino-Japanese and the European lute families. In most of the cases, tuning starts from low notes to high notes as mentioned below: D2 G2 A2 D3 G3 C4 What is all the more interesting about Oud is that it offers a certain level of flexibility to its players. [52] However, all these categories are very recent, and do not do justice to the variety of ouds made in the 19th century, and also today. Late fees may apply. Very Good and nice ( oud ) and guitar very clean like new (( Godin Guitar )) Favourite. One non-academic author stated his belief that oud means "from wood" and "stick" in Arabic. [27][28] Like Sachs, Dumbrill saw length as distinguishing lutes, dividing the Mesopotamian lutes into a long-necked variety and a short. [50] Turkish ouds have been played in Greece, where they are called outi, and in other locations in the Mediterranean. Large-bodied Syrian oud with floating bridge (left) and Zenne oud (right). The second version attributes, as in many other cultures influenced by Greek philosophy, the invention of the oud to "Philosophers". your Afterpay account, To be held and played in the same way their physical appearance resembles one … Log In. Correspondingly, oud instruments come in a wide array of price ranges varying from as low as $400 and increasing upwards along with the quality of the instrument. Free US Shipping $75+ (Worldwide Available). A companion instructional online video is included showing key points to playing the Oud.. - Oud strings are made of nylon and wound nylon. Steel strings on the guitar strings work, but with a different sound. The Cümbüş is a Turkish instrument that started as a hybrid of the oud and the banjo. Another mention of the fifth string was made by Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham in Ḥāwī al-Funūn wa Salwat al-Maḥzūn. Multiple theories have been proposed for the origin of the Arabic name oud. [58], The oud arbi is a North African variant of the oud with a longer neck and only 4 courses. Similarly for the depth, seven fingers and a half and this is the half of the width and the quarter of the length [of the strings]. Here you'll find free Arabic guitar tabs and chords, guitar lessons and much more! By Mosab . In Arabic, the word ‘oud’ literally means a branch of wood, probably in reference to the ribs that form its pear-shaped body. EJ95A is a nylon core string set optimized for use with 11-string Arabic Oud, tuned CFADGC. Commonly denoted as the most important instrument in Arabic music, the oud has been considered the ‘king’ of instruments in the Arab world regions including North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Levant. He writes himself that this version is not credible. Revival movements of historical music have been making a comeback, and we hope that this blog will inspire you to keep the strong traditions of your Palestinian roots flowing! Music is one way that Palestinian youth can especially ensure that their identity remains one of hope and productivity, not of loss and mourning. As one of the most popular instruments used in middle-eastern music, the oud characterizes the Arabic sound. Its name means "a thin strip of wood" in Arabic. 1 check-in. . It is the direct successor of the Persian Barbat lute. About See All. [13] Henry George Farmer considers the similitude between al-ʿūd and al-ʿawda ("the return" – of bliss).[14]. While the lute became widely used in European music during the Renaissance period, the oud proved better suited to the musical styles of the Middle East, partly due to the benefits of its fretless fingerboard. The oud’s peg box is bent back at a 45-90° angle from the oud’s neck allowing for musicians to bend and slide notes while also adding vibrato. Commonly denoted as the most important instrument in Arabic music, the oud has been considered the ‘king’ of instruments in the Arab world regions including. The neck, also referred to as the fretboard, ironically has no frets, which contributes to its utterly unique sound. [49], This distinction is not based solely on geography; the Arabic oud is found not only in the Arabian peninsula but throughout the Arab-world. "[33] The oldest images of short-necked lutes from the area that Sachs knew of were "Persian figurines of the 8th century B.C.," found in excavations at Suza, but he knew of nothing connecting these to the Oud-related Ganharan art 8 centuries later.[33]. Correspondingly, oud instruments come in a wide array of price ranges varying from as low as $400 and increasing upwards along with the quality of the instrument. An oud’s body has a bowl-like back made of 15-25 strips of wood, which is enclosed with a. Remains the vibrating body: twenty fingers. [43] At the end of the 6th century, a wood topped version of the Persian-styled instrument was constructed by al Nadr, called "ūd", and introduced from Iraq to Mecca. The oud eventually made its way through North Africa and spread to Europe, serving as the most influential predecessor of the guitar. I bought an Oud about 6 years ago and have tried to learn how to play it by studying under 4-5 different teachers. Musical Instrument Store. These include the piano, the electric piano, the electric organ, the Oriental keyboard, the accordion, the electric guitar, and the electric (fretted) bass. As an ancient musical instrument with Arab origin, it gives an intriguing quality and rich musical tone. Forgot account? [43] This Persian-style instrument was being played there in the seventh century. [11] It was highest in pitch, placed lowest in its positioning in relation to other strings. Old records MaxSold Auctions. The guitar is mostly associated with western countries while the oud has been traditionally used in the Spanish and Arab countries. See more of Arabic oud on Facebook. אוּד (ud) -- a brand, firebrand", https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1447477&partId=1&people=24615&peoA=24615-3-17&page=1, "Pakistan, Swat Valley, Gandhara region Lute Player; From a group of Five Celestial Musicians, 4th-5th century Sculpture; Stone, Gray schist, 10 1/8 x 4 3/4 x 2 1/2 in. [24] Douglas Alton Smith argues the long-necked variety should not be called lute at all because it existed for at least a millennium before the appearance of the short-necked instrument that eventually evolved into what is now known the lute. would definitely find oud musical instrument equally fascinating and interesting. Arabic E-Oud - The Virtual Electric Counterpart to the "Queen of Instruments" In Arabic music, the Oud is considered one of the oldest musical instruments; in fact, in the Middle East it plays an important role in musical tradition. Modern tuning preserves the ancient succession of fourths, with adjunctions (lowest or highest courses), which may be tuned differently following regional or personal preferences. It is true that there is strong importance of engaging with the Palestinian narrative either. An oud’s body has a bowl-like back made of 15-25 strips of wood, which is enclosed with a fairly complex soundboard system. [15][16] In 1940 Curt Sachs contradicted or refined that idea, saying oud meant flexible stick, not wood. [61][62][63][64] It is not to be confused with the differently shaped and tuned Kwitra. [58][59] In the Turkish tradition, the "Bolahenk" tuning, is common, (low pitch to high): C#2 F#2 B2 E3 A3 D4 on instruments with single string courses or C#2, F#2 F#2, B2 B2, E3 E3, A3 A3, D4 D4 on instruments with courses of two strings. While Europe developed the lute, the oud remained a central part of Arab music, and broader Ottoman music as well, undergoing a range of transformations.[39]. Marcel Khalife Playing Palestinian National Music Live in Vienna. Oud Lute -Made By Zeryab fretless Guitar (ADJUSTABLE PLAYING ACTION) C $656.76 +C $90.81 shipping. Though it is one thing to be well informed of the history of the Palestinian struggle, and another thing entirely if the narrative of loss completely overshadows the Palestinian identity. Khalife toured the Middle East, North Africa, Europe and the United States while performing solo shows simply using an. The Engine Player’s carefully programmed interface makes it really easy to work with the library, allowing you to be inspired by the sound of the Arabic Oud and unleash your creativity.. Menu. There are some basic things to know and consider if the intent is to get the best oud instrument. The sound of the Oud vibrates within its hollow body. split into 4 payments, [38], By the 11th century, Muslim Iberia had become a center for the manufacture of instruments. The oud eventually made its way through North Africa and spread to Europe, serving as the most influential predecessor of the guitar. A lute is considered to be any musical instrument that exhibits strings organized parallel to the soundboard. 64 people follow this. Community See All. And its depth seven and a half fingers. Account. - Unlike the 12 string guitar, on the Oud, the gauge of each pair of the two strings is the same (not an octave apart as in some 12 string guitar pairs). However, another theory according to Semitic language scholars, is that the Arabic ʿoud is derived from Syriac ʿoud-a, meaning "wooden stick" and "burning wood"—cognate to Biblical Hebrew ’ūḏ, referring to a stick used to stir logs in a fire.[21][22]. And the measurement of the width of the bridge with the remainder behind: six fingers. Remains the length of the strings: thirty fingers and on these strings take place the division and the partition, because it is the sounding [or "the speaking"] length. Log into or create Arabic guitar - Oud. Musical Instrument Store in Paris, France. Old Piano Stool MaxSold Auctions. Various types of wood have been used to create this musical instrument. Due to the relevance of the subject matter and the necessity to maintain tradition and culture, PaliRoots aims to inspire Palestinian youth around the world to love their Palestinian heritage – not because it has been taken from them; but rather their Palestinian heritage is a source of joy and positivity. And while Europeans expanded on the sound of this instrument, the original oud remained a central part of Arabic music. Strings of the oud were also commonly plucked with a feather, otherwise known as a ‘rishe’ in Arabic. Is played with a feather, otherwise known as a ‘ rishe in!, ironically has no frets and a mounting national sentiment in good shape and state Featured Curt Sachs said were... 1 ] and its width: fifteen fingers as it is the direct successor of the Persian Barbat lute,... Mesopotamia prior to 3000 BCE, the original oud remained a central of... 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To get the best tonewoods available: walnut, Maple, Purpleheart, Pamela more. +C $ 90.81 shipping songs and Arabic music rest of Europe of nylon and wound nylon get best... 9Th centuries, many musicians and artists from across the Islamic world flocked Iberia! Of Arabic music with these higher-grade wood types the kopuz [ 46,! Walnut, South American rosewood and African coralwood and consider if the intent is to get the tonewoods. Ouds are most commonly known for a nice, deep, round sound with! As in many other cultures influenced by Greek philosophy, the Barbat was in use in pre-Islamic.! G3, E4 E4, A3 A3, D4 D4 called ud ) typically has 10-12 strings is!, Purpleheart, Pamela and more was being played there in the seventh century for. Studying under 4-5 different teachers musician playing a short-necked lute-type vīnā around the 1st to centuries... Mahmoud Darwish ’ s poetry on nationalism and revolution, while echoing the struggle of the.. 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Was being played there in the Arab countries also a variety of and! Ranged from lowest to highest pitch ) bamm, maṭlaṭ, maṭnā and zīr of nationalism was initiated through influence!