… The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its in Pakistan also see language as a marker of identity. Really impressive argument in favor of using Urdu as a medium of instruction. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. Its national language, Urdu, is the mother tongue of only 7.57 per cent of the population though it is very widely used in the urban areas of the country. 5.3 In Grades 5-7 English will be the medium of instruction. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. Apart from the ethnic aspect of language, there is also the problem of administration, education, higher commerce, media – in short, the domains of p ower in the state and the civil society. This situation provokes the most awful issue of medium of instruction in the institution. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social dimensions of Pakistani society. Second, the paper historically reviews the language education policies since Pakistan’s independence in 1947. In short, ethnic groups seek empowerment in Pakistan by using language as a marker of group identity. Mahboob A. A critical examination of the trends, issues, and challenges in policy and practice of English language education in Pakistan is the main concern of this paper. different languages. The objectives of the study were to identify the options of medium of instruction in Pakistan and to highlight the efforts made by the previous Govt. Language Policy and Medium of Instruction Issue in Pakistan 113 but due to colonial influences and emotive value of Urdu especially in the Hindi-Urdu controversy, Urdu remained the official medium of instruction in most of the institutions of Pakistan (Rahman, 1995). Pakistan is a multilingual country. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. This is done first by describing the practice of teaching English in varied instructional situations. with reference to medium of instruction … (eds) English Medium Instruction in Higher Education in Asia-Pacific. The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its implications for local languages. In: Fenton-Smith B., Humphreys P., Walkinshaw I. (2017) English Medium Instruction in Higher Education in Pakistan: Policies, Perceptions, Problems, and Possibilities. The education policy of 1969 suggested Urdu as the official language of West Pakistan and Bengali for East Pakistan. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. 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