Taking its name from the river of the same name, which flows Bergerac but not its prefecture, Périgueux (the edge of the Isle), the area with varied landscapes has a large afforestation rate (45%) making it the third most wooded department France. This Microclimate explains the presence of lush vegetation and the green aspect of the region. Pau valley has a microclimate, however, marked by strong sunlight (about 1900 hours a year) but high rainfall (1100 mm per year) and a near absence of frost in winter. Nouvelle-Aquitaine (French: [nuvɛl akitɛn]; Occitan: Nòva Aquitània [ˈnɔβɔ akiˈtanjɔ] or Novèla Aquitània [nuˈβɛlɔ akiˈtanjɔ]; Basque: Akitania Berria; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Novéle-Aguiéne; "New Aquitaine") is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. Rich agricultural and farming area watered by both the Lot and the Garonne, it is famous for its "pruneaux", who took the name of its capital, Agen (nearly 8000 hectares of land are dedicated to Ente plum orchards) while Marmande is famous for its tomatoes. Sheep farming (regional races: Basque-béarnaise, Landes, limousine, manech black head, red head and Xaxi Ardia) is well represented in the Limousin (Limousin lamb) the Charentes (lamb Poitou-Charentes), the Médoc (Pauillac lamb) and the Basque and Bearn Pyrenees. It is the largest region in France by area and administration. The region is the birthplace of many other breeds (regional donkey breeds: the Pyrenees and Poitou, regional equine: Poitevin mule, Landais and Pottock). Aquitaine is part of Nouvelle Aquitaine, one of the 13 new regions created with the territorial reform that took effect on January 1, 2016. Southwest of Limousin and Périgord northwest since 1998 are integrated to the Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin. This vast lagoon, wide open ocean, houses since 2014 the marine natural park of Arcachon basin. New Aquitaine | Fast Facts POPULATION o As of January 1, 2016 – there are 5,943,100 inhabitants in New Aquitaine in 12 different counties o Nouvelle Aquitaine is the 4th largest region consisting of population size making it 9.1% of the population in mainland France o Density: 70 inhabitants / km2, metropolitan France: 116 inhabitants / km2 With the Atlantic Ocean along the whole West side, 250 kilometres of ocean coastline in total! Viticulture is a key sector of the local economy, the region with the presence of some of the most prestigious French vineyards: vineyards of Bordeaux, Bergerac, Cognac (production of Cognac and Pineau des Charentes) and partially, Armagnac (production of Armagnac and Floc de Gascogne), Southwest vineyards in the valleys of the Garonne and Lot, vineyard slopes of the Pyrenees (jurançon, irouléguy) and vineyards of Haut-Poitou. Top Nouvelle-Aquitaine Castles: See reviews and photos of castles in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France on Tripadvisor. The region is also home to several military airbases, including a command center of the French Air Force. The Nouvelle Aquitaine consists of the former regions of Aquitaine, Poitou Charente and Limousin, all merged into a new and very large one! Eleanor of Aquitaine was born c. 1122, in Poitiers, France. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Further south lie the Charentes, which correspond to the former provinces of Aunis, Angoumois and Saintonge. Sort by: Traveller Favourites. The regional rail network is organised around the main towns: Bordeaux, Limoges, Poitiers, La Rochelle and Bayonne. Safran has two major production facilities in the region: Turbomeca (world leader in helicopter turbines) near Pau and Snecma (maintenance and repair of military engines) in Châtellerault. Forming a vast triangle starting from the Pointe de Grave, north of Soulac-sur-Mer to Hossegor in the south and east Nérac, it replaced the thankless, sandy and marshy moorland that characterised the region for centuries. Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France. La Rochelle. It faces the Cap Ferret, beaten by the waves of the ocean. Nouvelle-Aquitaine, région of southwestern France created in 2016 by the union of the former régions of Aquitaine, Poitou-Charentes, and Limousin. But the real glory of this land is Armagnac, a famous brandy, exported around the world. the history of Aquitaine. It also produces the floc de Gascogne, with delicate floral accents. Rainfall is usually brief there, but regular, and spread throughout the year. Bordeaux. The region is a major international center in the field of aeronautics and space industry. Next a lateral axis at the Garonne, it can reach Langon, Marmande, Agen and beyond, Toulouse. Recipes from the region Go to top of page Foie Gras with Truffles (Pate de Foie Gras aux Truffes) - A famous french dish, exquisite, but expensive. It is the largest of France’s 13 metropolitan régions. It is the largest region in France by area, with a territory slightly larger than that of Austria; even French Guiana is smaller. Aquitaine is the third largest region in mainland France (41,308 km², the same size as Switzerland). Averages are for Bordeaux / Merignac, which is 7 miles from Bordeaux. Lovers of old stone, medieval castles, deep forests and food amateurs, this part of the… Aquitaine. Think about this region as ‘the South West by the Ocean’, bordered at the south by the Pyrénées mountains and the atlantic coast to the west. The LGV Bar project between Poitiers - Limoges is part of this context, and should significantly shorten travel between the two cities (from just over an hour and a half to 45 minutes), facilitate interregional connections and access to the Ile-de-France. Great wine region, internationally renowned alcohol is produced there, cognac, and a water spirits called Pineau des Charentes. The coastline subject to severe erosion, remained very wild. [4][9] France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later.[10]. The région of Nouvelle-Aquitaine was thus created, encompassing a large portion of southwestern France. #4 of 534 Nature & Parks in Nouvelle-Aquitaine "He has an amazing garden, both with the bamboo that stretches to the sky and also his extensive collection of plants." In the north of the region, the Paris oceanic climate is marked by moderate rainfall, warm summers and cool winters, but moderately so. 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