Mud-Pools: Pools of bubbling mud. How efficiently a turbine converts the energy in wind into electricity. ... Because of the dependence of gas users on those who are at the other end of the gas pipeline, the natural gas market is mostly a futures market. Energy Return On Investment (EROI): This is the ratio of usable energy obtained over the amount of energy required to get it. The most prominent example of this are natural gas co-generation plants which first feed fuel into a gas turbine. Meanwhile, oil companies have said the pipelines would deliver economic benefits to the province. The map includes: Gas and hazardous liquid pipelines Liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants Breakout tanks (tanks used for storage or flow relief) Pipeline Unproven reserves can be broken down into probable reserves and possible reserves. The map below shows the existing Trans Mountain right-of-way corridor, as well as the approved expanded pipeline corridor and the lands proposed to be crossed by the pipeline. A pipeline by TransCanada subsidiary Coastal GasLink is to carry natural gas from the Dawson Creek area to Kitimat, B.C. to proposed LNG export facilities on the coast. In solar thermal energy collectors, the Absorber Area refers to the area absorbing the radiation. Also known as "paint-pots" when the slurry of usually grey mud is streaked with red or pink spots from iron compounds. Ring of Fire: The Pacific Ring of Fire is a region of high volcanic and seismic activity that surrounds the majority of the Pacific Ocean. Liquid pipelines such as crude oil are refined in order to deliver essential products such as gasoline, diesel and petroleum products like plastics and lotion. Heat and pressure are used to transform wood residue into pellets without chemical additives, binders or glue. Most coal and gas power stations operate in this way, as do all nuclear plants. fossil fuel resources rely on the concept of undiscovered resources. Secondary Recovery Schemes:
A finite, or non-renewable resource, is one where a limited amount exists. The pipeline. 1. Biodiesel does not contain ethanol, but research is underway to develop diesel blends with ethanol. It is the most common organic compound on Earth comprising about 33% of plant matter. Sometimes called STOOIP or Stock Tank Original Oil In Place. The portion of the oil business that involves finding oil and extracting it. This covers oil and natural gas. Electrolysis: A simple technique for splitting water atoms to obtain hydrogen, driven by an electrical current. For example an average wind turbine's name-plate capacity is 2 Megawatts. A map of British Columbia displaying the Major Refineries and Gas Processing Plants, Pipelines, Terminals, Tank Farms, Meter Stations and Waste Disposal Sites throughout British Columbia. It comes from radon gas in the ground, the sun, distant supernovas, and even elements inside our own bodies. Using the energy left over from one primary energy conversion to fuel another. Levelized Cost of Electricity: The cost of generating electricity (capital, operation and maintenance costs). This website and the information presented should not be used to determine the location of buried pipelines or infrastructure for the purposes of construction or excavation. Savonius Turbine: Uses drag generated by the wind hitting the cup, like aerofoils, to create rotation. It stretches from Fort Nelson, in northeast British Columbia (B.C. National Energy Board: A regulatory agency established by the federal government in 1959 that is primarily tasked with regulating oil and gas pipelines that cross provincial and national borders. When no treaty was signed between the government, and no war was fought over the land, first nations groups in Canada are entitled to the land on which they have historically lived and still inhabit. Cetane Rating: Also known as cetane number (CN), this is a measurement of the combustion quality of diesel fuel during compression ignition. Base-load power is that provided continuously, virtually year-round to satisfy a regions minimum electricity needs. Oil in Place: The total hydrocarbon (oil and gas) content of a reservoir. A mixture of hydrocarbons present in natural gas. SVO is also known as pure plant oil or PPO. For its toxic properties and close boiling point with ethanol, that it is used as a denaturant for ethanol. Unconventional Gas: Unconventional gas reserves come in many different geological formations, and include tight gas, shale gas, coalbed methane and methane hydrates. The central question is one of ethics: Should we use our limited land resources to grow biofuels when the same land could be producing food for people? Fumaroles: Openings in the Earths crust that emit steam and gases. Westcoast Energy Inc.’s BC Pipeline business is an integral part of B.C. Only so much fossil fuels and uranium exist on earth, making these finite, non-renewableresources. Mackenzie could play a major role in the Province's LNG Strategy. These are the most common types of wind turbines and look like aircraft propellers mounted atop towers. All rights reserved. They also conduct many studies that span the globe. Used for industrial and/or domestic purposes to manage waste and/or release energy. National Energy Program: A set of policies enacted in 1980 that sought to make Canada energy independent. Geothermal Gradient: The rate at which temperature increases deeper into the earth, towards the earth's molten core. It is a significant expression of diesel fuel quality. Primary Gas: The degeneration of decayed organic matter directly into gas through a process called "thermal cracking." Pickens Plan: Investment of $1 trillion into wind power in the U.S.A., named for an American oil tycoon. To view the interactive map that allows you to zoom in on satellite images, click here. These numbers are used within oil companies but not usually published. The 2019 pipeline map below shows many of the major Canadian and U.S. crude oil pipelines and refineries. It runs from Edmonton, Alberta, to the Westridge Marine Terminal and the Chevron refinery in Burnaby, British Columbia. The map will be updated to show additional pipelines as more digital location data becomes available. The average speed (and direction) of the wind over the course of a year. Indeed may be compensated by these employers, helping keep Indeed free for job seekers. The proposal met stiff opposition from local residents and in 2009 the project was cancelled. Energy BC is a comprehensive and objective resource on energy sources, uses and issues in British Columbia. Hydro buys power from companies that build their own power generating stations. In food processing, fermentation is the conversion of carbohydrates to alcohols and carbon dioxide or organic acids using yeasts, bacteria or a combination thereof, under anaerobic conditions. In addition, there are a five proposed projects for new pipelines and pipeline expansions that would transport natural gas from Northeast B.C. Gasoline service stations are the most lucrative part of downstream operations. Octane:
Cellulose: An organic compound consisting of several hundred to over ten thousand linked glucose units. Heat Exchangers: These are used in High-Temperature and Low-Temperature applications to transfer heat from one medium to another. Flat-plate collectors are a type of non-concentrating solar energy collector, typically used when temperatures are below 200 degrees F. They are often used for heating buildings. Gravity Survey: A technique of measuring minute changes in the Earths gravity field. SoCalGas does not represent that the information contained herein is accurate for any particular purpose, and therefore disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, including the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose. Using the map, show students how the proposed pipeline would cross Alberta to Kitimat, British Columbia, and then large oil tankers leaving Kitimat would cross the Great Bear Rainforest and the Douglas Channel. One Line Diagram [PDF, 69 KB] BC Hydro is a member of the Integrated Cadastral Information Society , and posts weekly mapping updates including the locations of the T&D lines and structures. The energy profiles each deal with a different source of energy, and most are simply means to attain the energy currency we all use: electricity. For a century after the Sarnia-area oil discovery, the pace of pipeline construction was slow, with just three major routes (from Turner Valley, Alberta to Calgary; coastal Maine to Montreal; and the US Midwest to Ontario) in production. The residual heat from that reaction then heats water to spin a steam turbine. Coal, the third fossil fuel, contains so many impurities it is usually disqualified from this title. If planning … The region has similar geology to the oil-rich North Sea. The 2017 Oil and Gas Reserves and Production Report includes a map that outlines British Columbia's natural gas pipeline system: 2017 Oil and Gas Reserves and Production Report Coal powered and gas plants are often just called thermal plants. Green Energy and Green Economy Act of 2009: Legislation by the province of B.C. Nacelle: The housing atop a wind turbine that holds the gearbox, generator, drive train and brakes, as well as the rotors. Canadian Pipeline Map. Geyser: Springs characterized by intermittent discharge of water ejected turbulently and accompanied by steam. Much hope has been placed upon these technologies but they still provide only a fraction of our energy. The 670 kilometre long Coastal GasLink Pipeline will transport natural gas to the approved LNG Canada facility near Kitimat. Below is a map of the proposed corridors. Porosity: Closely related to permeability, this is a measure of the amount of "voids," or empty space in a rock where gas or oil can pass through to collect in a reservoir. Manhattan Project: The massive Anglo-American-Canadian scientific undertaking which produced the atomic bombs that helped end the Second World War. One exmaple is building a natural gas plant. These plants are still the most common in the world and many are under construction. Canada is a member. Most new coal-fired power plants built in the West are supercritical. Shares of oil revenue were diverted to the federal government who used them mostly in the eastern provinces to offset a decline in manufacturing. It is most famous for its catastrophic eruption on May 18, 1980 where fifty-seven people were killed, 250 homes, 47 bridges, 24 km of railways, and 298 km of highway were destroyed. Abbreviated to AC. Phone: 1.403.920.2000 Toll-free: 1.800.661.3805 Emergency Numbers. An electrical current that reverses its direction at regularly recurring intervals. This proposed project is a 471 kilometre natural gas pipeline that would deliver natural gas from Summit Lake B.C. Market Penetration: The share of the total energy market a specific energy source has in relation to its competitors. A facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass. Capacity Factor: The ratio of the actual output of a power plant over a period of time and its potential to output if it had operated at full nameplate capacity the entire time. Some small hydro projects have pondage, however, which are small ponds behind the weir of a dam which can store water for up to a week. Meanwhile, oil companies have said the pipelines would deliver economic benefits to the province. Just divide the electrical power output by the wind energy input. Methanol is toxic in humans if ingested or contacted on the skin. A measurement of the amount of energy stored in a given volume. Secondary Gas: When oil is subjected to so much heat and pressure it degenerates into gas. In Low-Temperature Geoexchange systems they are built into the heat pump. A Btu is roughly the amount of energy it takes to heat a half kilogram of water from 3.8 to 4.4 ÃÂ°C. When bituminous coal is baked at high temperatures it fuses together ash and carbon, creating coke. A policy device that encourages investment in renewable energies, usually by guaranteeing power producers that their energy will be bought. Transforming one form of energy into another. The pellets can be used in stoves and boilers. The pipeline route was determined by considering Indigenous, landowner and stakeholder input, the environment, archaeological and cultural values, land use compatibility, safety, constructability and economics. Because the temperatures and pressures are than other plants, these plants operate at a low efficiency, around 33-35%. The plan aims to reduce the amount of foreign oil imported to the U.S.A. while providing economic and environmental benefits. The pipeline route was determined by considering Indigenous, landowner and stakeholder input, the environment, archaeological and cultural values, land use compatibility, safety, constructability and economics. Glut: A situation where the market has been flooded with goods and there is more supply than there is demand causing the price of goods to drop. High permeability in the surrounding rocks is needed for the formation of gas reserves. The discovery of fossil fuels in Canada began in Enniskillen Township, near Sarnia, Ontario, in the 1850s ( see Petroleum Industries). A remote mountain in Western Nevada where the U.S. Department of Energy has planned on storing all of the country's spent nuclear fuel underground since the 1990s. The biorefinery concept is analogous to petroleum refineries, which produce multiple fuels and products from petroleum. Natural gas, or methane, that is created by microbes consuming organic matter. 2, 25 1st Street S.W. Rent-Seeking: The practice of using resources to compete for existing wealth rather than to create new wealth, often to the detriment of those who seek to reform societies or institutions. Name-Plate Capacity: The intended full-load sustained output of a power plant. Uranium is used in many nuclear power plants. This means that fluids or gases are pumped into the well to increase pressure and push the remaining oil up out of the well. MBtu is used for a thousand Btus. Fly ash is dangerous for human health but most power plants use electrostatic precipitators to capture it before release.